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Georgia Wood Preserving
Questions & Answers About Treated Lumber
and Georgia Wood Preserving Company
Georgia Wood Preserving
Company History
Questions and Answers
Consumer Information

Is all pressure treated lumber the same?
No. When you buy lumber from Georgia Wood Preserving, you are buying wood treated with Osmose-manufactured CCA. Osmose® brand pressure treated lumber is recognized as an industry leader. All of our treated lumber comes with the Osmose Lifetime Limited Warranty.

What areas does Georgia Wood deliver lumber to?
Georgia Wood has its own fleet of trucks that make full truck load deliveries into six southeastern states (AL, GA, NC, SC, TN and VA). However, we contract with other trucking companies and are able to ship wherever necessary. We are not limited by distance or geographical boundaries.

What is a "full" truck load of lumber?
Our lumber is hauled on 45' flat bed trailers. State and federal highway laws limit the weight of trucks and their cargo. To abide by these regulations, loads of treated lumber average close to 15,000 board feet. When we deliver loads of untreated or "bright" lumber, we are able to carry approximately 22,000 board feet of lumber. There is less weight per board foot in bright lumber due to the chemical content of the pressure treated lumber.

What is meant by "board feet" of lumber?
All lumber is identified by its dimensions. Board footage is calculated by using the nominal dimensions, or the named dimensions, of the wood product and only applies to sawn wood products. The actual dimensions of the wood product are not the same as the nominal dimensions. The nominal or named dimension of a 2x4 refers to a piece of lumber that is 2" in depth and 4" in width. However, the actual dimensions are 1.5" in depth and 3.5" in width. One board foot of lumber is the volume equal to a piece of lumber 1" thick, 12" wide and 12" long. To calculate the board feet of a piece lumber, multiply the nominal width (in inches) by the nominal thickness (in inches) by the length (in feet) and divide by 12.

Example: A 2 x 4 x 8 is measured two inches (in depth) by four inches (in width) by eight feet (in length). Do the math: 2 x 4 = 8; 8 x 8 = 64; 64 divided by 12 = 5.3333 One board of 2 x 4 x 8 has 5.333 (or 5 and a third) board feet in it. A standard pack of 2 x 4 x 8 has 192 pieces and 1,024 board feet.

Can an individual buy lumber from Georgia Wood?
Georgia Wood sells lumber on a wholesale basis, so we do not break bundles to sell for retail purposes. We do however sell full package quantities to individuals who are able to haul these amounts. We only deliver full truck loads. For a description of package sizes see our complete product listing.

What if my company needs both treated and untreated lumber?
Georgia Wood sells both treated lumber and bright lumber to many customers. We have long working relationships with numerous lumber mills throughout the Southeast, and we are able to wholesale bright lumber at a competitive market price. Please contact us today and see what we may do for you.

How does Georgia Wood price its lumber?
Our lumber is typically priced by the thousand board feet (MBF). We provide delivered prices to the delivery location you provide to us. Some customers also want to know a per piece price, and we can provide that information.

How can I find out a price on lumber I may want to buy?
The treated lumber industry is very competitive in nature. Georgia Wood has an experienced sales staff that's knowledgeable with today's market. For a quote on your lumber needs, please call our sales department at 1-800-923-2333 or email us at We sell truckload quantities of both treated and untreated lumber. Due to frequent fluctuations in the lumber market, we do not regularly provide a price sheet. We quote lumber by the load you request.

Why use pressure treated lumber?
Wood is a plentiful and economical building material. Untreated, it is subject to attack by insects and fungi. Pressure treated lumber from Georgia Wood Preserving is protected from these natural biological agents. We use only Osmose® brand chemical in our pressure treatment process.

What is pressure treatment?
Pressure treatment is a process by which a chemical preservative - chromated copper arsenate (CCA) - is forced deep into the wood's cells in a closed cylinder. Following pressure treatment, the preservatives are "fixed" into the wood and will resist leaching into surrounding soil or water. The CCA preservative used by Georgia Wood is used to produce lumber that is clean, odorless and environmentally safe when used as recommended around people, pets and plants. Please refer to the Consumer Information Sheet.

What is CCA?
CCA stands for chromated copper arsenate. CCA is the chemical preservative manufactured by Osmose and used by Georgia Wood Preserving in the pressure process of treating the wood. It is a waterborne preservative forced deep into the cellular structure of the wood by a vacuum-pressure process.

What is Osmose?
Osmose Wood Preserving, Inc. has been a leader in the research and development of wood preservatives and wood treating methods since 1934. Osmose manufactures the chemical preservative (CCA) used by Georgia Wood in its treatment process. Georgia Wood is an Osmose licensee wood treating facility. We are independently owned and operated, but we have a longtime working relationship with Osmose.

Are chemically treated products dangerous to use in and around the house?
When used as recommended, treated wood from Georgia Wood Preserving is safe to use around people, pets and plants. Please refer to the Consumer Information Sheet. The Environmental Protection Agency has given the chemical Georgia Wood uses in its treatment process, chromated copper arsenate (CCA), a "restricted use" classification. This means the preservatives themselves can only be sold to and used by certified pesticide applicators or persons working under their direct supervision. This restricted use applies to the chemical preservatives only not to treated wood products.

Where should pressure treated wood be used?
Treated lumber from Georgia Wood Preserving can be used outdoors whenever wood building components require resistance to termites and fungal decay. We treat all two inch (2x4, 2x6), one inch (1x4, 1x6) and decking lumber (5/4x6) to a CCA retention rate of 0.25 pounds per cubic foot of wood. This retention rate is suitable for lumber use above ground. Georgia Wood treats all timbers (4x4, 4x6 and 6x6) to a CCA retention rate of 0.40 pounds per cubic foot of wood. Timbers are suitable for ground contact and fresh water contact.

Are there any places treated lumber should not be used?
Pressure treated wood should not be used for countertops, cutting boards, nor burned in the fireplace. Please refer to the Consumer Information Sheet.

If pressure treated wood is OK for a picnic table, why can't it be used for a countertop?
Pressure treated wood picnic tables are fine because picnic tables are primarily used for serving prepared food. Countertops, however, are used primarily as a cutting surface for raw food. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not recommend any wood for use as a cutting surface since food particles are likely to be embedded in its porous surface. This can encourage bacterial growth, creating and unsanitary environment.

What is the Consumer Information Sheet?
Consumer Information Sheets have been available since 1986. It was at that time the nation's wood preserving industry agreed to undertake a voluntary Consumer Awareness Program to apprise consumers that Consumer Information Sheets (CIS), similar to manufacturer's instructions on hundreds of other products, are available. CIS are available at retail outlets and from manufacturers and lumber suppliers.

The Consumer Information Sheet states that you need to wear dust masks and other protective apparel when sawing treated wood and that you should wash your hands and clothing after use. Does this mean handling the wood is dangerous?
The guidelines posed in the Consumer Information Sheet reflect common sense and good safety practices for handling treated or untreated wood. Inhalation of sawdust can cause nose and throat irritation, and protecting your eyes from any foreign matter is advisable. Wearing gloves provides extra protection against splinters, and good personal hygiene should be practiced in the shop and on the job. Hands should be washed after handling any type of wood or after doing any type of construction work. After a review, EPA determined that the benefits of pressure treated wood products outweighed any potential risks.

The above information was provided in part by copyrighted material from Osmose Wood Preserving, Inc. Osmose® is a registered trademark of Osmose Wood Preserving, Inc.